Located below the French village of Crozet is a 17 mile tunnel in the shape of a ring and 10 feet in diameter. Using magnets to guide particle beams which will be guided into crashing into each other at four separate locations, where the resulting energy will be measured.
The Higgs boson is an integral part of the theoretical Higgs mechanism. If shown to exist, it would help explain why other elementary particles have mass. It is the only elementary particle predicted by the Standard Model that has not yet been observed in particle physics experiments.
Working underground at Europe’s Large Hadron Collider, two teams of scientists have both detected signs of the Higgs boson, which is also been called the "God Particle. On 13 December 2011, experimental results were announced from the ATLAS and CMS experiments, indicating that if the Higgs boson exists, its mass is limited to the range 116–130 GeV (ATLAS) or 115–127 GeV (CMS), with other masses excluded at 95% confidence level.
Both groups conducted experiments, which involves up to 5,000 scientists, looking for a presence of a mass between 115 and 130 GeV – the lower end of the range scanned by the scientists — that could indicate the presence of a new particle.
The researchers have warned that not enough data has been collected to make statistically sure that the apparent "Higgs boson" signals they saw are not due to fluctuations in background signals caused by other particles and processes. The trace signals could be due to presence of background particles and processes.
The Large Hadron Collider, the ATLAS experiment collides protons, some of the building blocks of atoms,ed to produce Higgs bosons, which have an unknown mass. Protons are the building blocks of atoms made up of particles called quarks and gluons.
The Higgs boson has long been thought the key to resolving the mystery of the origin of mass. The Higgs boson is associated with a field, called the Higgs field, theorized to pervade the universe. As other particles travel though this field, they acquire mass much as swimmers moving through a pool get wet, the thinking goes.