The primary purpose of a Home Inspection is to educate you about the condition of the home.
The Orillia Home Inspection service provides a detailed visual survey of your home and major systems. During the home inspection we will identify components that are significantly damaged, unsafe or near the end of their life cycle. We operate doors and windows to find any mechanical defects. We inspect interior finishes looking for damage or poor workmanship. Your structure is inspected for compliance with good building practices and any deviations are noted in your report.
Because a Home Inspection is a visual assessment of a property, experience is paramount in determining possible problems based on knowledge which may not be readily identified by the untrained eye. When you hire a home inspector you are paying for his knowledge and experience, ensuring you evaluate these attributes is the responsibility of the home owner.
In the house diagram below we list the Standard Items that we inspect in a typical home. Every home is unique and requries flexibilty of inspection procedures and reporting. Every area and major system of a home has its own requirements, depending on style of material and the manner in which it is used in the home. Every home building product has its good points and sometimes it can have some bad points. As a Professional Home inspector it is our goal to educate you on the construction of your home and how it will affect you while living in your home. For example will you have to perform extra maintenance or sometimes it is a simple matter of caulking which can prevent expensive repairs if ignored.
Heating system and central air conditioning (HVAC)
Your buyer will want assurance that the heating and air conditioning system operates efficiently and reliably. Whiletypically lasting 15 to 25 years, even a newer HVAC system may have issues. A dirty air filteris often the culprit and a simple, inexpensive fix. Replace filters every season to maximize efficiency and lifespan. Dirty or obstructed duct work, another common problem, is easily solved by routinely vacuuming vents and air returns.
Keep your system running smoothly with tune-ups in the spring and fall by HVAC technicians at an average cost of $70 to $200. If you notice temperature fluctuations or higher energy bills, consult an HVAC firm about repairs or consider replacing an older unit. ContactAir Conditioning Contractors of Americato find HVAC contractors in your area.
Home inspectors examine anything affected by water flow, such as pipes, showers, bathtubs, sinks, faucets, and toilets.
Worn toilet flappers, dripping faucets, and leaky showerheads increase water bills by 10%, but replacing washers, gaskets, and other parts saves money and ensures a smoother home inspection. Water backing up in the sink, shower, or toilet indicates a plumbing issue as does a sewer gas odor if the trap in the bathtub or basement floor drain has dried out. An inspection may reveal health hazards such as lead pipes, particularly in older homes. Water heaters and sump pumps are also inspected.
Call a plumber if you see signs of moisture or a leak you can’t fix yourself so your sale doesn’t go down the drain. Roto-Rooter provides plumbing and water cleanup services throughout Ontario.
Safety is an inspector’s top priority, so expect a thorough examination of the electrical system which is thethird leading cause of house fires. In addition to checking the electrical panel to make sure wiring and grounding are up to code, the inspector looks for corroded wires and correct amperage ratings.
Common electrical issues include exposed wiring, painted outlets, reversed polarity, aluminum wiring, and lack of GFCI protection. If lights dim and flicker, you hear sizzling and buzzing sounds, or circuit breakers trip repeatedly, hire a licensed electrician so electrical problems don’t leave you in the dark.
Roof, attic, and insulation
Buyers are especially interested in the condition of your roof which is one of the most critical parts of the house and expensive to replace — between $8,700 and $22,000 depending on size and location. The inspection also includes flashing, gutters, vents, and skylights.
Look for signs indicating your roof needs repair or replacement including loose or missing shingles, buckled or curled shingles, cracks or rust on flashing, soft spots or unevenness, moss growth, moisture in the attic, and stains or peeling paint on the ceiling.
Inspectors examine visible insulation, ventilation, and exhaust systems in the kitchen, bathroom, and laundry room in addition to the attic and crawl space. Inadequate insulation and ventilation in the attic increase utility bills and decrease comfort.
A disconnected exhaust fan is easy to rectify, but a deteriorating roof can leak and lead to pest infestation. Search for a roofing contractor on HomeAdvisorif you have concerns about your roof’s integrity.
Water is the homeowner’s number one enemy, according to top home inspectors surveyed by HGTV.com. Water damage can lead to toxic mold growth and foundation problems which ring alarm bells for buyers.
Water in the basement indicates possible structural issues. Water stains on walls and ceilings might be due to a leaky roof or faulty plumbing.
In addition to addressing the cause of water damage, contact cleanup services providers such as SERVPRO®, First Onsite, and Service Master Restore®.
Foundation, basement, and structural components
Water in the soil surrounding your home may lead to foundation movement and create pathways where water can enter the structure, potentially leading to decay, mold, and termite activity. Inspectors look for settlement problems, cracks in the foundation, and sloping.
Basements and crawl spaces are inspected for moisture, evidence of pests, and issues relating to the foundation, structure, and insulation. Home inspectors also examine structural components connected to the foundation such as walls, floors, and roof framing, paying particular attention to water and insect damage since wood framing is typically used.
Take a look around your home’s perimeter, basement, and crawl space. If you observe mold, cracks, or dampness, notice a musty smell, or have other concerns about your property’s structural integrity, reach out to a structural engineer for further evaluation.
Walls, ceilings, floors, windows, and doors
Red flags that your home may not be structurally sound include cracks in walls or around door frames, uneven or bouncy floors, gaps between walls and floors, and nails popping out of walls. Water stains on walls and ceilings indicate possible roof leaks or plumbing problems.
Inspectors check that windows and doors were properly installed, open and close correctly, as well as look for cracks, decay, or missing caulk that could leave your home vulnerable to the elements. Water can penetrate the wall through structure cracks and separations at the windows, leading to mold growth. HomeStars is a good place to start if you need to replace windows and doors.
Insect and pest infestations
Wood-destroying insects, such as carpenter ants and termites, cause serious damage that can jeopardize the structural integrity of your home. Entering through cracks around doors and windows, carpenter ants prefer wet and decayed wood. They leave behind wood fragments and sawdust.
Termite control and repairs cost an estimated $5 billion annually. Hollow sounding wood, mud tubes, and discarded wings indicate a possible termite problem.
Get rid of standing water, use a dehumidifier to eliminate moisture in basements and crawl spaces, and trim branches and shrubs away from your home to help prevent an insect invasion.
Rodents spread disease and increase the risk of electrical fires by chewing through wires, wood, and drywall. Keep mice and rats out of your house by sealing exterior cracks with silicone caulk and screening attic vents and chimney openings.
Before insect and pest infestations interfere with your home inspection, contact a licensed exterminator such as Orkin or connect with local pest professionals via FindAPestPro.